Clear Writing

See what you can achieve by completing the Clear Writing Level.
What you can do now What you will be able to do at the end
of the Clear Writing Level
Taken from the Council of Europe’s Common European Framework of Reference for Languages.

Produce simple connected text on topics which are familiar or of personal interest

Briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans

Report and give your opinion about factual information on familiar routine matters

Write clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects related to your field

Write reports passing on information or giving reasons for or against a particular point of view

Synthesise information and arguments from a number of sources

Write a report which develops an argument systematically with appropriate highlighting of significant points and relevant supporting detail

Evaluate different ideas or solutions to a problem


Communicate with reasonable accuracy in familiar contexts

Express yourself despite making grammatical errors

Use a limited range of tenses and expressions

Have good grammatical control of a wide range of tenses and expressions, though with some noticeable mother tongue influence

Not cause misunderstandings or stress for the reader if you make any grammatical errors


Use enough words to express yourself on familiar topics relating to your work and current events

Use basic vocabulary (although major errors occur when you express more complex thoughts or report on unfamiliar topics)

Use enough words to be able to give clear descriptions and express viewpoints relating to your field and to general topics

Vary sentence formulations to avoid repetition

Not cause misunderstandings if you make any mistakes in word choice

Spelling and Punctuation

Spell most commonly used words (although there is often some sign of mother-tongue influence)

Use basic punctuation conventions.

Correctly spell most commonly used words (although there may be some signs of mother-tongue influence)

Use a range of punctuation marks (although you may not always use them correctly)


Link a series of short simple elements into connected sentences using basic cohesive devices (e.g. 'and', 'but', etc.)

Use a limited range of language in a neutral register

Use a limited number of cohesive devices to link your ideas together (although some errors may occur)

Express yourself confidently, clearly and politely in a formal or informal register, appropriate to the situation and person(s) concerned


Write brief reports to a standard conventionalised format, which pass on routine factual information within your field

Use standard layout and paragraphing conventions with confidence

Business English Writing Skills

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